Until Architecture, a professional design studio founded in Chicago, Illinois in 2006, examines the role of software, sensing and actuation on the planning, instantiation, performance and inhabitation of built environments. Employing a variety of conceptual, physical, and digital techniques, the studio sees architecture as an open para-material investigation—a process both virtual and tactile, leading to building appearance, behavior and form. The mission of Until Architecture: through commissioned and self-generated professional, academic and research projects, produce and disseminate sustainable new design concepts, interactive protocols, educational frameworks, technologies, objects, media, spaces, and experiences for a complex and evanescent world.